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Crocheted Shell and Cluster Scarf Free Pattern

With how-to photos, by Sandi Marshall

Shell and Cluster Patterning:

This shell and cluster stitch combination has been around for a long time (I spotted the stitches as part of a crochet shawl in a crochet pattern book printed in the year 1920). I played around with a narrower starting chain until I found one that would work for a scarf width (I thought that might make a good practice item, where crocheters could learn this stitch combination, while making a useful accessory at the same time).

I rewrote the directions for crocheting the cluster and shell stitch combination, because, as is usual for vintage directions, parts of the 1920 instructions were written differently than the way we would say the instructions today. I wrote out each part of the directions for each row, figuring it out as I crocheted it, so that there would be complete instructions for rows made with this width of starting chain.

Once you get the hang of it, it's a fun stitch pattern to crochet. My photos below can help you see how parts of the shell and cluster stitches are made.

Materials Used In This Example:
Worsted weight yarn
Size G hook
Finished Size, when made with worsted weight yarn: 6 1/2" wide
The finished length should be according to your own preference. Scarves come in a variety of lengths.

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Related Resources
How to Single Crochet
How to Double Crochet
4-dc Cluster How-to
What is a Shell Stitch?
More Crochet How-to's

Abbreviations:
ch = chain
dc = double crochet
ea = each
sc = single crochet
sl st = slip stitch
st = stitch
sts = stitches

Starting Chain: Chain 22.
Row 1: Sc in 2nd ch from hook, * skip 3 chains, 8 dc in next ch (shell made), skip 3 chains, sc in next ch, repeat from * once more, then skip 3 chains, 8 dc in next ch.

Following is a photo showing how the beginning directions of row 1 are done (when crocheting row 1, refer to photo, following the photo by starting on the right-hand side of photo and moving to the left).

Photo illustrating beginning of Row 1:

Row 2: Ch 4, yarn over hook, insert hook in first dc, draw yarn through stitch, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops (leaving two loops remaining on the hook), * yarn over hook, insert hook in next dc, draw yarn through st, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops ** , repeat from * to ** two more times (this leaves 5 loops remaining on the hook), yarn over hook, draw yarn through the 5 loops on the hook. Draw loop through a little extra so that you can make a loose slip stitch in the next step. Yarn over hook, pull yarn through loop on hook to make a loose sl st, to complete this first cluster. Ch 3 loosely, sc in same st as last dc of cluster just made. When making this next cluster, refer to photo below. To make the next cluster: Ch 3 loosely, yarn over hook, insert hook in next dc, draw yarn through stitch, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops (leaving two loops remaining on the hook), * yarn over hook, insert hook in next st, draw yarn through st, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops ** , repeat from * to ** 7 more times (this leaves 10 loops remaining on the hook), yarn over hook, draw yarn through the 10 loops on the hook. Draw loop through a little extra so that you can make a loose slip stitch in the next step. Yarn over hook, pull yarn through loop on hook to make a loose sl st, to complete the cluster. Chain 3 loosely. Sc in same st as last dc of cluster just made. For next cluster: Ch 3 loosely, yarn over hook, insert hook in next dc, draw yarn through stitch, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops (leaving two loops remaining on the hook), * yarn over hook, insert hook in next st, draw yarn through st, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops ** , repeat from * to ** 7 more times (this leaves 10 loops remaining on the hook), yarn over hook, draw yarn through the 10 loops on the hook. Draw loop through a little extra so that you can make a loose slip stitch in the next step. Yarn over hook, pull yarn through loop on hook to make a loose sl st, to complete the cluster. Chain 3 loosely. Sc in same st as last dc of cluster just made. Chain 3 loosely. To make the last cluster of this row: Yarn over hook, insert hook in next dc, draw yarn through stitch, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops (leaving two loops remaining on the hook), * yarn over hook, insert hook in next dc, draw yarn through st, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops ** , repeat from * to ** two more times (this leaves 5 loops remaining on the hook), yarn over hook, draw yarn through the 5 loops on the hook. Draw loop through a little extra so that you can make a loose slip stitch in the next step. Yarn over hook, pull yarn through loop on hook to make a loose sl st, to complete this last cluster.

Photo illustrating the 10 loops on hook
when making the center clusters of Row 2:

Row 3: Ch 4, 4 dc in sl st at top of last cluster that was made in previous row, * skip ch-3, sc in next sc, skip ch-3, 8 dc in the sl st in center of next cluster, repeat from * one more time, then skip ch-3, sc in next sc, skip ch-3, 4 dc in sl st in top of last cluster of previous row.
Row 4: Ch 4, yarn over hook, insert hook in first dc, draw yarn through stitch, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops (leaving two loops remaining on the hook), * yarn over hook, draw yarn through st, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops ** , repeat from * to ** 7 more times (this leaves 10 loops remaining on the hook), yarn over hook, draw yarn through the 10 loops on the hook. Draw loop through a little extra so that you can make a loose slip stitch in the next step. Yarn over hook, pull yarn through loop on hook to make a loose sl st, to complete the cluster. Chain 3 loosely. Sc in same st as last dc of cluster just made. To make the next cluster: Ch 3 loosely, yarn over hook, insert hook in next dc, draw yarn through stitch, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops (leaving two loops remaining on the hook), * yarn over hook, draw yarn through st, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops ** , repeat from * to ** 7 more times (this leaves 10 loops remaining on the hook), yarn over hook, draw yarn through the 10 loops on the hook. Draw loop through a little extra so that you can make a loose slip stitch in the next step. Yarn over hook, pull yarn through loop on hook to make a loose sl st, to complete the cluster. Chain 3 loosely. Sc in same st as last dc of cluster just made. To make the last cluster: Ch 3 loosely, yarn over hook, insert hook in next dc, draw yarn through stitch, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops (leaving two loops remaining on the hook), * yarn over hook, draw yarn through st, yarn over hook, draw yarn through 2 loops ** , repeat from * to ** 7 more times (this leaves 10 loops remaining on the hook), yarn over hook, draw yarn through the 10 loops on the hook. Draw loop through a little extra so that you can make a loose slip stitch in the next step. Yarn over hook, pull yarn through loop on hook to make a loose sl st, to complete the cluster. Chain 3 loosely. Sc in top of ch-4 at edge of previous row.
Row 5: Ch 1, sc in first sc, skip ch-3, 8 dc in sl st in top of last cluster of previous row, skip ch-3. * Sc in next sc, skip ch-3, 8 dc in the sl st in center of next cluster **, repeat from * to ** once more, then end with sc in edge of previous row.
Repeat Rows 2 - 5 for pattern: Repeat rows 2 - 5, until you have the scarf length you desire.
On Last Repeat: On last repeat, end with a row 4.
Finishing: Ch 1, then single crochet around all four sides of the outside edge, with multiple stitches in the corners, such as (2 sc, ch 1, 2 sc) in each corner or 3 sc in each corner, according to your own preference. Multiple stitches in the corners are neccesary to keep the corners from curling.

Next: End off, leaving a strand to weave in. Weave in the ends, to secure.

Copyright: Instructions copyright 2003 by Sandi Marshall, licensed to About.com, Inc. Do not redistribute.

Photos by Sandi Marshall. These photo images are copyright 2003 by Sandi Marshall, licensed to About.com, Inc. Do not redistribute.

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