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Free Crochet Pattern for a Checkerboard Afghan Square


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Framed Checkerboard Afghan Square -- Free Crochet Pattern
Free Chart for Crocheting an Afghan Square or Other Projects

Free Chart for Crocheting an Afghan Square or Other Projects

Chart © Amy Solovay, Licensed to About.com, Inc.

This charted design looks a bit frightful, but don't worry; you can't tell from looking at it how the finished afghan square will turn out. The chart only shows the pattern you will work in single crochet stitch, but you'll add details in surface crochet that make the checkerboard pattern stand out from its frame.

The charted design is crocheted in two different colors, and accents of the third color are added at the end.

The free crochet pattern includes both written instructions and a color chart.

Project Photo: See a photo of the finished square.


Worsted weight yarn in 3 different colors. To crochet the sample square, I used Caron Simply Soft in the following colors:

  • Khaki / tan -- Bone = Color A
  • Blue -- Blue Mint = Color B (Main color)
  • Green -- Sage = Color C (Accent color used in very small amount)

Feel free to substitute other colors or brands of yarn.

Crochet Hook:

Size H / 8 - 5.0 mm


Tapestry Needle for weaving in ends

Finished Size:

The finished square measures 6.25 inches x 6.25 inches prior to adding the edging, and about 6.5 inches square afterwards.


4 sts = 1 inch

Matching this gauge isn't critical unless you have a need for each square to be exactly the same size as my sample. However, if you are crocheting multiple squares to join together, it is important to maintain consistent gauge measurements for each square you make.

Abbreviations Used in This Pattern:

Design Notes:

Crochet this square in single crochet stitch.

To form the colorwork pattern, you'll need to know how to change colors in single crochet stitch. When you're not using a color, you'll crochet overtop of that color until you need it again; this technique is illustrated in more detail in my tapestry crochet tutorial. Anticipate your color changes prior to working them; when you're ready to change colors, you'll need to stop short of completing the last stitch in the old color, pull through a loop of the new color, and then complete your stitch with the new color.

From the very beginning, I recommend crocheting overtop of your unused yarn color. The second color doesn't appear in the design until row 6, but if you don't work overtop of it starting from the beginning, your gauge might change when you add the second color. Working overtop of the unused color from the beginning ensures that your project will have a more consistent look.

Crochet Instructions:

Using color B (blue yarn,) ch 26.

Rows 1 - 5: Using color B (blue yarn,) sc in 2nd ch from hook and then continue working in sc.

Rows 6 - 10: Work 5 sts in color B (blue,) 5 stitches in color A (tan,) 5 stitches in color B, 5 stitches in color A, 5 stitches in color B. This gives you a total of 25 sc sts.

Row 11 - 15: Work 10 sts in color B (blue,) 5 sts in color A (tan,) 10 stitches in color B (blue.) (25 sc sts total.)

Row 16 - 20: Repeat rows 6 - 10.

Row 21 - 25: Using color B (blue) work 5 rows in sc.


An edging is optional, but you can add one if you like. For my sample square, I chose to work an edging in sl st. To work this edging, change colors to color A (tan) to crochet a round of sl st all the way around the square; then change colors to color C (green yarn) and crochet another round of sl st, working into the back loops only.

If you'd rather choose a different edging, you're welcome to check out this list of free edging patterns.

Surface Crochet Details

Now it's time to make the checkerboard stand out from the frame around it. To do so, you’ll use slip stitches worked in surface crochet. Work a round of slip stitches in color C (green yarn) and then another round outside of that in color A (tan yarn.) This makes a significant difference in the way the finished square looks.

Finishing the Square:

End off. Weave in ends. If you used a block-able yarn like wool, block the square. If you used acrylic yarn, there is no need for blocking.

Use this square in the craft project of your choice.

If you make multiple squares, you could join them together to create an afghan or pillow cover. Use this design alone, or combine it with the other checkerboard and geometric patterns in this series. You can create your own unique one-of-a-kind afghan using this design combined with others.

If you crochet this design in cotton yarn, a single square could become a dishcloth. There are many possibilities for using this square in different ways.

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