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Crochet Abbreviations

A Listing of Abbreviations Commonly Used in Crochet Patterns

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Crochet abbreviations are typically specified at the beginning of a pattern, or in the front or back of a crochet pattern book. It’s best to refer to the specific abbreviations given for the pattern you are working, if they are available.

If you happen to come across a pattern that is missing its abbreviations, this listing of commonly used crochet abbreviations can help.

Inconsistencies in Crochet Abbreviations:

Most crochet abbreviations are fairly consistent from pattern to pattern, but you should be aware that there are occasional inconsistencies. This is especially true when you compare vintage patterns with contemporary patterns.

There are also situations where instructions would differ between patterns, even if the word is abbreviated consistently. For example, cluster stitches are likely to vary from pattern to pattern. This is also true of popcorns and other similar stitches. The instructions for working each specific stitch should be included in the pattern you are working.

Abbreviations, Listed Alphabetically:

beg = beginning

See this abbreviation used in an example.

BL = Back Loop, block, or bobble, depending on the context. Visit the glossary entry for this abbreviation for more information.

BP = Back Post

ch = chain

See this abbreviation used in an example.

chs = chains

cl = cluster

dc = double crochet

dec = decrease

dtr = double treble crochet

FO = finished object

FP = front post

g = gram

half dc = half double crochet

hdc = half double crochet

inc = increase

incl = include / including / inclusive

m = meter; also mesh

oz = ounce / ounces

p = picot

pat = pattern

PM = place marker / place a marker

pc = popcorn

rep = repeat

rnd = round

rnds = rounds

sc = single crochet

sk = skip

sl st = slip stitch

sp = space

sps = spaces

st = stitch

sts = stitches

tog = together

tr = treble crochet / triple crochet

tr tr = triple treble crochet

UFO = unfinished object

YO = yarn over

* = The pattern will specify how many times to repeat a series of instructions following an asterisk, or between asterisks.

( ) = The pattern will specify how may times to repeat a series of instructions that are given inside the parentheses.

[ ] = The pattern will specify how many times to repeat a series of instructions that are given inside the brackets.

= inches

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